我们的advice doesn’t entirely depend on the philosophical views we gesture at in this section, but we think it’s important to be transparent about them, as these broad ideas have informed our advice since we started in 2011. Alternatively, skip ahead to our practical suggestions.
研究是最难以进入的五类，但它有大潜在的上第，并且在一些学科中，去研究生院为其他四类提供了有用的职业资本。This is one reason why if you might be a good fit for a research career, it’s often a good path to start with (though we still usually recommend exploring other options for 1-2 years before starting a PhD unless you’re highly confident you want to spend your career doing research in a particular area).
If you’re not able to land a research position now, then you can either (i) continue to build up expertise and contribute to research when the field is more developed, or (ii) focus more on the policy positions, which could absorb hundreds of people.
这一领域的研究已经开始起步，现在有一些主要的学术中心和人工智能实验室，你可以在那里研究这些问题，比如蒙特利尔的MILA、牛津的FHI、伯克利的CHAI、伦敦的DeepMind和旧金山的OpenAI。我们已经为超过100人提供了这条道路的建议，其中一些人已经在上述机构工作。位于伯克利的机器智能研究所(Machine Intelligence Research Institute)已经在这一领域工作了很长时间，与其他实验室相比，它有着非传统的视角和研究议程。
第三个选择是在你想要拨款的问题领域从事工作，可能是非营利组织、政策或研究领域，以便在该领域建立专业知识和联系。这是获得资助角色的通常途径。例如，开放慈善项目(Open Philanthropy Project)聘请刘易斯•波拉德(Lewis Bollard)从事工厂化农业补贴工作，此前他曾担任美国人道协会(the Humane Society of the United States)首席执行官的政策顾问和国际联络人，该协会是该地区的主要组织之一。
However, it’s also important to bear in mind that these roles require a specific type of person: someone who both has strong skills that are needed by the organisations (which often require a style of research and reasoning which isn’t common elsewhere), a good fit with the specific team, and deep engagement in effective altruism. Many of the organisations are also management constrained, which raises the bar for getting hired — your application may need to demonstrate a high likelihood of excelling with relatively little supervision almost immediately.
要输入这些角色，您可以直接申请给组织。组织经常雇用已参与社区的人，因为对社区的承诺和知识是许多工作的要求，因为如果您已经了解他们的工作，更容易评估候选人。188bet金宝博官网网址This means that if you want to aim towards these positions, the most important step is to start meeting people in the community, and doing small projects to build your reputation (e.g. writing on the forum, volunteering at EA Global, starting a local group, or doing freelance consulting for an organisation). We list more advice in our完整的配置文件．
If you’re not able to contribute to disentanglement research right now, there are several other things you can do, including: (i) tackle more straightforward relevant research questions, (ii) work in more mainstream biorisk organisations to build up expertise, (iii) focus on policy positions with the aim of building a community and expertise, or (iv) become an expert on a relevant area of biology, international relations, or a related field.
It seems likely to us that many lines of work within this broad area could be as impactful as our priority paths, but we haven’t investigated enough to be confident about the most promising options or the best routes in. We hope to be able to provide more specific guidance in this area in the future.
一般来说，我们不建议有人通过旨在建立一个新的组织来开始。Rather, we’d recommend starting by learning about and working within a pressing problem area, and then if through the course of that work you come across a gap, and that gap can’t be solved by an existing organisation, then consider founding a new one. Organisations developed more organically like this, and which are driven by the needs of a specific problem area, usually seem to be much more promising.
关注更多被忽视的战略。If an approach or a research area has not yet been explored — like a new zero-emission technology, for example — you have a chance of enabling work that others have missed, and you’ll also gain valuable information about what works and what doesn’t, which you can share with others.
If the problem area still seems potentially promising once you’ve built up a background, you could take on a project or try to build up the relevant fields, for instance by setting up a conference or newsletter to help people working in the area coordinate better.
职业决策涉及大量的不确定性。This means that rather than try to have an impact right away, it can be even better to try to learn about which options will be best for you in the long-term so you can make better decisions in the future — to gain ‘information value’.
加入A.特别有前途的创业公司，尤其是在营利性技术部门虽然任何部门的小型和快速增长的组织都值得考虑。寻找一个令人印象深刻的人的组织，理想地寻找让您培养所需的具体技能的角色（例如，特别是管理，运营，创业技能，一般生产力，通用研究）。它也是加入在相关区域内工作的组织，例如AI或生物工程。这些角色可能给您提供相关的技能和连接，并让您有机会迅速推进。If you can build a network of people working in startups, then you can also try to identify an organisation that’s unusually credible (e.g. backed by a range of impressive funders), and which might be on a breakout trajectory, which would give you the chance of further upside (e.g. reputation, money).